Our intended area of operation is Northern Uganda, Karamoja region and West Nile. We already have a permanent presence in the Karamoja region. Nationally, statistics show that 90% of the Ugandan farmers depend on manpower for tiling the land and other farming related work. Eight percent use oxen and only two percent use tractors
Improved household livelihood
On average, a 75HP 4WD tractor ploughs 15 acres a day, Uganda has 2 rainy seasons with peak ploughing time of 4 months per season, if we only consider the peak ploughing time, a tractor is fully booked for 8 months in a year. So every tractor ploughs an average of 3,600 acres per year. An average household in Uganda has access to 7 acres of farmland. So a single tractor will serve 515 households during only the peak time, for ploughing alone (there are other services like Harrowing, Planting, Boom spraying, harvesting, ridging, weeding, transportation).
According to agronomists, Uganda needs a threshold of 2200 tractor but the current available number of tractors in the entire country is close to 1000 units (***)
The utilisation of the already few available tractors is 50% due to the difficulties in linking a tractor to a farmer.
The “Uber for tractors” app and platform will unlock a ploughing potential of 1,800,000 acres per year which will in-tern support 260,000 households.
On averages a Ugandan household has 4.7 people so the tractor hire solution will directly support an estimate of 1,300,000 Ugandans
Average households have access to 7 acres of land in Uganda but due to the small window period for cultivating the land, only 1 acre is cultivated with a hoe and 3 acres are cultivated for those that can access ox ploughs. With the tractors in place, the entire available 7 acres can be cultivated. This increased farmland will create many more jobs in the agro production line. It is estimated that 4 acres of maize will offer short term employment to 34 people for as per day as per the breakdown
|Cooks (restaurants, schools, hotels)||6|
The tractor hire service will cement the already existing VFG(Village farmer groups) and facilitate large scale farming
Karamoja region has predominantly been a nomadic pastoralist region. Currently, lots of efforts are being made to introduce them to farming but up to recently, only 4% of their arable land has been cultivated. The government and NGOs are in final stages of ploughing for them land as an incentive so positioning ourselves as an onsite tractor service provider is a well-timed concept.
Karamoja has always been a victim of famine and has always relied on WFP and the government for food, empowering them take charge of their destiny is a noble cause.
A two-decade war between the Government of Uganda and the Joseph Kony and his Lord’s Resistance Army staggered development in Uganda’s Acholi region. As hundreds of thousands of farmers waited in IDP camps during the worst years, land was left fallow and an agriculturally-based economy destroyed. With the closure of camps and growing peace, farmers have returned. Farmers have also begun to invest again in their futures, helping to reclaim the region’s previous distinction as the breadbasket of Uganda.
Today, in an area that encompasses about 28,500 square kilometers with more than 1,000,000 people – most of whom consider farming their primary occupation—there are only 29 tractors. World Bank figures estimate that neighboring Kenya has about 27 tractors per 100 kilometers of arable land. The world’s average is 195.
Clearly, farmers resettling in a post-conflict region face severe constraints to modernizing agriculture
According to World Vision, Over 1.5 Million refugees mainly South Sudanese and Congolese have been displaced to Uganda, due to the ongoing conflict in South Sudan and the DRC. The Ugandan government has kept its borders open despite severe funding shortfall. Most of these refugees are resettled in West Nile. Women and children make up 86% of the total refugee influx.
The UNHCR, WFP, FAO, the government and other partner have stepped up support in terms of health, food, sanitation and education. This though is only an emergency response, a more sustainable approach will be to empower he refugees and the host communities through agriculture. One of the approaches being considered is providing free ploughing services and farm opening services to the West Nile. Having ploughing services in the region is not only a smart business idea but also a noble one.
Uganda is a young nation with over 70% of its population under the age of 35 years. The percentage of Ugandans employed in Agriculture (2013) is 72 percent (Uganda Bureau of Statistics – 2017 Abstract)
The estimated Total Population (2016) by the World Bank is: 41.49 million
An extrapolation of this shows that 20.9 million people under the age of 35 are employed in agriculture.
Therefore the most efficient and far reaching approach to empower the youth is through agriculture
Women and Children
An excerpt from the World Bank journal:
In Uganda, farming employs a massive 66 percent of the working population and accounts for a quarter of GDP. Population growth is among the highest in the world, with the number of Ugandans likely to at least double by 2050. It would be difficult to overstate the urgency of creating enough jobs and producing enough food for everyone.
Most of Uganda’s 36 million people live in rural areas, where poverty is concentrated and most households depend on men’s and women’s agricultural production for sustenance.
Women play a vital role in Uganda’s rural agricultural sector and contribute a higher than average share of crop labor in the region. They also make up more than half of Uganda’s agricultural workforce, and a higher proportion of women than men work in farming—76 percent versus 62 percent.
In reference to the above, it’s clear that the greater majority of farmers can’t afford a tractor let alone maintaining it but immensely need ploughing services
Environment, Wildlife and Climate conservation
Introduction of tractor advanced technologies in farming will serve the following purposes:
• Give a viable alternative to swamp reclamation through profitable farming
• Save the animal habitats and animal species destroyed though bush burning
• Provide alternative income to the charcoal banners
• Raise income levels and knowledge on the relevance of vegetation and wetlands